Posts Tagged ‘Roya McKinney’

This blog is about a mare born in 1890. Her name was Princess Royal, and through three daughters Regal McKinney (born 1907), Queenly McKinney (1908) and Roya McKinney (1911), she has made an incredible contribution to trotting and pacing breeding. They are usually collectively known as “the McKinney sisters”.

The name of a sire/broodmare sire is often more obvious in pedigrees because stallions have so many more opportunities to leave sons and daughters – usually somewhere between 30 and 300 progeny a year – whereas a mare has perhaps between 5 and 15 opportunities (i.e. foals) in her whole lifetime. So when I see a mare in the background of so many top sire lines, damsire lines and bottom maternal lines, I want to give that mare the credit she deserves.

This blog is not a tip o’ the hat. It’s a hat thrown high in the air.

Three cheers for Princess Royal! Hip hip…HOORAY!

Scotland as a 2yo

A grandson of Princess Royal – the famous racehorse and sire Scotland as a 2 year old.

Princes Royal and her daughters are from the Jessie Pepper family. Jessie Pepper, who was blind, had 18 foals, and the seventh of them was Annabel. She was the dam of Estabella who in turn was the dam of Princes Royal. Princess Royal’s sire was Chimes (a son of Electioneer) and the foundation of so many of the pacing sire lines of today.

Just check out a few of the influential lines that trace back to her three daughters (I recommend you look through the super Classic Families database to discover all the threads).

Here is a brief summary of her contribution through her three daughters:

Roya McKinney is the dam of 11 foals including great sire Scotland, his fast brother Highland Scott, and his sisters Rose Scott and Elsie Scott (all sired by the Peter Scott, a son of Peter The Great), as well as another daughter La Roya by Guy Axworthy.

Three of Roya McKinney’s daughters bred on particularly well, and her son Scotland has been such an influential sire I can’t possibly list his achievements here:

  • The Rose Scott branch gave us the sires Tar Heel, Hickory Smoke, Hickory Pride, Armbro Goal (whose dam was the World Champion mare Armbro Flight), and Earl.
  • The Elsie Scott branch contributed with Falcons Future, and No Nukes, and trace through No Nukes sister TMI to the very good mare Artistic Vision and her top performing sons Rock N Roll Heaven (becoming a top sire himself) and Clear Vision.
  • The La Roya line can be traced down through several generations from her daughter La Reine (via Maggie Counsel, Meadow Maid and Maryellen Hanover) till you find outstanding branches like Napa Valley (grandam of Vintage Master) and Silk Stockings (dam of NZ sire Silk Legacy and Temujin who is the damsire of Live Or Die) and Village Jiffy; and tracing down through another daughter of La Roya, Midway, you will find Falcon Seelster.
  • Scotland’s influence in both pacing and trotting is immense. He turns up multiple times in so many top pedigrees as a sire of top broodmares (Emily Scott, Scotch Claire – grandam of Direct Scooter, and Lady Scotland – and through the latter to Breath O Spring). He is a sire of important sires and damsires including Spencer Scott (who was the sire of Speedy Crown and Rodney), Darnley, Hoot Mon, and The Intruder).  In New Zealand one of his sons U Scott has had an incredibly strong and positive influence on our breed.
  • One of Roya McKinney’s other daughters, Luxury, traces to El Patron who stood as a popular sire in New Zealand from the mid 1970s to 1990.

Queenly McKinney found herself a place in history when she foaled the first winner of the Hambletonian in 1926, Guy McKinney (f.1923). One of his most enduring legacies as a sire was the colt Spud Hanover, born in 1936 and earned only $7,917 but is the sire of the good racehorse Florican who is the damsire of Speedy Crown (and one of the multiple Princess Royal influences in that remarkable horse). Florican’s sire line leads to Sierra Kosmos. Florican has Spencer as his damsire, and is just one of many examples of the crossing of Spencer with the Princess Royal family for outstanding results. Another of Guy McKinney’s notable credits is the mare Vivian Hanover, the great grandam of Albatross and Henry T Adios. In fact Albatross has three separate traces to Princess Royal in his maternal line – through The Old Maid/Guy Abbey/Regal McKinney, though Tar Heel/Rose Scott/Roya McKinney, and through Vivian Hanover/Guy McKinney/Queenly McKinney. Albatross was by far the best of his dam’s foals of course, so bloodlines are no guarantee in themselves. However leaving something as incredible as Albatross is still something to be wondered at, given the odds that are against any mare. Similar interwoven threads of the three McKinney sisters and Roya McKinney’s son Scotland can be found in many top pedigrees.

Greyhound and Rosalind trotting i

Greyhound and Rosalind trotting in their famous dual harness. Scotland (son of Roya McKinney) was the sire of the great race mare Rosalind. Guy Abbey (grandam Regal McKinney) was the sire of Greyhound.

Regal McKinney found a place in standardbred history through her daughter Abbacy who was the dam of Guy Abbey. Guy Abbey was the sire of The Old Maid as mentioned above, but also sire of world champion Greyhound. He turns up in the pedigree of many good trotting sires as the damsire of Hoot Mon. Scotland is the sire of Hoot Mon. So that puts the two sisters Regal and Roya McKinney 2 x 4 in Hoot Mon’s pedigree, and Princess Royal herself 3 x 5.

Another interesting pedigree in this regard is Valley Victory who has Scotland or one of the McKinney sisters through multiple links on many lines of his pedigree.

Princess Royal is a great example of one of those amazing “clusters” or “hubs” of breeding where a mare from a good line suddenly cranks it up another notch or three and creates a number of strong quality branches, both male and female lines. Another is Spinster, who was served by Scotland and Guy Abbey and created yet another hub, and then the line continues to build remarkable momentum with multiple contributions from The Old Maid, Lady Scotland and later Breath O Spring.

Whether you start with Estabella or Princess Royal doesn’t really matter. The wonderous facts are there for all to see in a lasting legacy of quality racehorses, quality mares and broodmares, quality sires and broodmare sires and stunning crosses of gold.

Hip Hip Hooray, Hip Hip Hooray!!


Note: When using the HRNZ Info Horse database, I see that it places Regal McKinney as a daughter of Roya McKinney rather than as a sister. This also occurs in one other publication I have noticed. It is incorrect. She is a daughter of Princess Royal.

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There are many horses in modern day pedigrees that have become familiar names to us, and yet we’ve lost a connection with them as real racehorses who were stars in their day and who you could see perform live at your local racetrack.

In past blogs I’ve dug up newspaper reports from the 1920s and 1930s on the amazing mother and daughter trotters Nedda and Nedda Guy, who appear in the maternal line of many great sires.

I’d like to do the same with two great racetrack colts who were rivals in that the same era – Scotland and Spencer, who both went on to be very good sires and superb broodmare sires – a pivotal part of many maternal lines of top horses and sires of the modern era.

Scotland over Spencer mares became a popular cross, so these two horses turn up in many of the best trotting and pacing pedigrees including Direct Scooter, Albatross and Cambest (see footnote to this blog).

But hang on, I’m making them into “names in the pedigree” again!

Let’s find them as “heroes on the racetrack”. And to do that I want to take you back to the Hambletonian trot of 1928 as reported by Tom Gahagan in The Trotter and Pacer magazine 6 September 1928. Remember that this is time in pacing and trotting where horses raced in heats on the same day – usually two but often three and sometimes even four to find an overall winner.

In the first heat of the Hambletonian for 3yo trotters (described below), Spencer wins, Scotland is second. In the second heat, Spencer wins again, and Scotland seventh, tiring after a slow start and an amazing recovery. This was only the third Hambletonian raced, and it endures today as one of the highest staked prestigious races for 3yo trotters in America. (I strongly recommend the website of the Hambletonian Society, particularly the wonderful collection of photos in their gallery: http://www.hambletonian.org/gallery.php).

“Another Hambletonian stake, the third to be raced, has passed into history and the honors go to Spencer, owned and bred at Castleton by David M. Look and driven by the eastern reinsman William H. Leese. In a spectacular battle, the son of Lee Tide and Petrex vanquished a field of nine of the very best three year olds in the classic event at the New York State Fairgrounds track today (27 August) where nearly 30,000 people had assembled to witness the battle for a fortune and the racing honors of the season…..

“They fussed a lot in the scoring for the first heat…When the word was finally given Billy Leese shot Spencer across and took the pole in the turn, right in front of Scotland, while Otzinachson placed alongside the black, Gaylworthy and Guy Abbe next, Coburn with them while Red Aubrey had been shuffled well back. The clip was terrific, the quarter in 291/2 seconds, Scotland right in behind the leader for the first time in his race career, the black having heretofore refused to stand the flying dirt. The order was maintained up the back stretch, the half passed in 1:001/2 with Spencer leading, Scotland trailing him and Otzinachson pounding along on the outside. Around the upper turn they went and at the three-quarters the timers flashed 1:313/4. Otzinachson was by this time flying distress signals while Gaylworthy and Guy Abbe were moving up. Leese gave Spencer his head and he moved away, followed by Scotland. Midway of the homestretch it was seen that Spencer was trotting strong with a two-length lead and the question was only who would finish second. Spencer came breezing to the wire in 2:021/2 with Scotland under a drive beating Gaylworthy for the place, Coburn fourth, while Guy Abbe, breaking at the distance stand when trotting very fast, was fifth.”

Spencer after winning Hambletonian in 1928

Spencer after winning Hambletonian in 1928

For his efforts over the two heats, Spencer’s share of the stake was $40,549.71. Not a bad pay day.

Tom Gahagan describes Spencer as “..at least one of the greatest three-year-olds of which the turf has ever boasted.”

Although Scotland didn’t win the Hambletonian, in future five of his progeny would achieve that prize – including the wonderful Rosalind.

Two years later (1930) the same writer in the same magazine reported on Scotland’s attempt on the Syracause track record when he went under 2 minutes for the first time in his career, going on his own against the clock. It was a perfect day weather-wise and the course in record-breaking condition.

“Scotland, driven by Ben White, and paced by a runner with Gibson White as the pilot, trotted a beautiful mile. He was away from the wire fast, the quarter in 291/2 seconds, the half in :59, both quarters alike, then trotted the third in :293/4, making the three quarters in 1:283/4. The Pittsburgh stallion then had steam enough to come home in 301/2 seconds. The mile in 1:591/4 and he had joined his brother and sister, Highland Scott 1:591/4 and Rose Scott 1:593/4, in the two-minute list.”

The dam of all three was Roya McKinney (one of three wonderful sisters, but more on them another time). On the pedigree side, because I can’t resist, it’s also of interest to see Spencer’s dam is Petrex, who was a grand-daughter of Ethelwyn and so traces back to the x factor heart gene of Eclipse. See my blog on Nedda, who also traced back to this great Ethelwyn/Kathleen family).

Scotland as a 2yo

Scotland as a 2 year old in Tom Murphy’s stable. He took his 1:591/4 mark in Septemeber 1930 as a 5 year old, driven by Ben White. He was bred and owned by Henry Oliver.

Three of the runners in that 1928 Hambletonian (Spencer, Scotland and Guy Abbey) became highly regarded sires, and they can often be found combined as sires and damsires and grandsires in the pedigrees of  many top pedigrees. Hoot Mon, for example, has Scotland as his sire, and is from a Guy Abbey mare who has Spencer as her grandsire! Which goes to show the extended and successful siring careers these talented three year olds went on to achieve.

Footnote:  Just to jog your memory, Spencer was the sire of Spinster and therefore the damsire of half-sisters Lady Scotland (by Scotland) and The Old Maid (by Guy Abbey).  Lady Scotland was the dam of Harold J (damsire of Cambest) and Breath Of Spring (dam of Race Time and many subsequent credits). And Old Maid was the dam of Dancer Hanover, Thorpe Hanover and Bachelor Hanover (who stars in so many New Zealand pedigrees) – and what wonderful broodmare sires they all turned out to be!  Another excellent Scotland over a Spencer mare cross produced Emily Scott (dam of the very good trotting mare Emily’s Pride and grandam of the great trotting sire Noble Victory) and her full brother Spencer Scott (sire of Hoot Mon and Rodney) .
In New Zealand of course we had U Scott (with Scotland as his sire) and Light Brigade (with Spencer as his damsire) and what a contribution they made.

Photos in this blog are from the front covers of The Trotter and Pacer magazine of September 1928 and September 1930.


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